Posted in Audio/ Video Design, Podcasts/ Audio Projects

ICM508 Module 2

Reading & Writing

7 Secrets of Getting Pro Sounding Vocals on Home Recordings

Before you even start recording everything you need to get in the zone. This goes for a lot of other things as well, because if you don’t feel comfortable or relaxed, you’re not going to have a good recording session. Speaking of good recording sessions, in order to get one, you’re going to want to be in the proper area. Now, not everyone has access to a professional recording studio, but there are simple tricks you can use to turn your bedroom into a makeshift one. For example, you can build a simple vocal booth using old blankets, curtains, mattresses and pillows.

            Once you’ve set up your studio, it’s time to set up for recording. Position your mic and pop filter in the right place. It should be facing your mouth. Adjust the mic’s distance from your mouth while you’re getting your mic levels, so you know the best place to have your mic.

            Now that you have everything all set up, it’s time to rehearse. You don’t just go and perform without rehearsing. You don’t go and play a sport without practicing. Whatever you’re recording, a song, a podcast, a poem, etc. you need to rehearse it. The more times you do so, the more confident you’ll feel. When you’ve finished recording, you’re going to edit your piece, but be careful with it. You want to focus on the performance, itself.

Sound Advice: Editing Audio for Video

Most times the sound comes second to the actual video. Today, we’re going to think about sound first and video second. Before we get into anything let’s talk about some terms. We have our A-Roll which is the primary footage in the video. Then we have the B-Roll which is the supplementary footage that may or may not be used in the video. B-Roll are filler pieces that reinforce the topic of your video and the words spoken by the on-camera talent.

            When everything has been collected and a rough edit has been created it’s time that we trim the video. The easiest way to do this is to use your editing software’s clipping tool. When you’re comfortable with your trimmed down version, listen to the whole video with your eyes closed. Try and pay attention to clumsy transitions, audio glitches, and consistent volume. If you find any mistakes and are unable to fix them, a quick and easy thing to do is to use music as a background sound under the video. This smooths all the rough edges and it will draw the listener’s attention away from your mistakes.

            A simple to remove even more mistakes that you think are glaring is to export just the audio and plop it into an audio editing application and edit it separately from the full sequence. When the audio has been edited in your audio editing software just drag it back into Premiere and mute the old audio tracks.

            Now that your audio is perfect and ready to export, it’s time to check the video. Make sure that all the clips and images make sense and they aren’t cutting and making the video choppy. A simple fix for something like that is to add a cross dissolve between two shots. Once you’re all finished don’t forget to fade to black.

Research to Inform

I’m a huge football fan and PFF is one of the leading sources for NFL and NCAA football analysis. Both speakers in the podcast know what they’re talking about and you can tell the amount of hours they’ve spent researching these topics. I really enjoy the video they have going on, on the TV in the background It has revolving images/videos of a football field. It definitely adds to the atmosphere of “football”, which works very well with this type of podcast.

This is the second time I’ve used the H3H3 podcast while talking about podcasts. I just think it’s such a strong example of what a great video podcast is like. Not only is it a comedy podcast, but Ethan Klein also gets fantastic interviews with multiple celebrities that many people would be interested in watching. The podcast also uses image clips and video clips to further show what they are discussing on the podcast.

This is the definition of a comedy podcast. I’m really drawn to this style of podcast, because it’s just a bunch of friends talking around a table telling stories and telling jokes. It’s got such a great human feel to it and you just have to smile, because we’ve all had conversations like this with our own friends.


Posted in Audio/ Video Design

ICM508 Module 1

Reading and Writing

Chapter 8

Vibrating bodies create spherical sound waves

  • “Every sound, whether it be a human voice or a tree falling in the forest, is caused by something vibrating” (91, Schroeppel).
  • Every microphone has a diaphragm which vibrates whenever it is hit by sound waves.
  • Frequency: the closeness of the waves
    • The higher the frequency the number of waves (cycles per sound) or shriller the sound
    • The lower the frequency has a lower or deeper sound.
  • Amplitude: the size of the waves (what we think is loudness)


  • Two types of microphones: dynamic and electret condenser
  • Dynamic Microphone
    • “The vibrating diaphragm moves a coil of wire inside a permanent magnet, creating an electric current” (95, Schroeppel).
  • Electret Condenser
    • “The diaphragm of an electret condenser microphone is actually one plate of a condenser, or capacitor” (95, Schroeppel).

Microphone Pickup Patterns

  • This is the area where the mic is most sensitive to incoming sound waves
  • Omnidirectional pickup pattern
    • Picks up sound equally well from every direction
  • Cardioid pickup pattern
    • Looks like a heart and picks up the greatest sensitivity from the front of the microphone

Types of Microphones

  • Lavalier: small, electret condenser mike, normally designed with an omnidirectional pickup patter. They’re designed to be worn on the chest of the speaker, either by a cord or attached by a clip.
  • Hand Mike: the most versatile and widely used mike in the industry. It can be either a dynamic or condenser with either an omnidirectional or a cardioid pickup pattern.
  • Super cardioid or shotgun mike: great mike to use for distant sounds or in uncontrolled situations, like television news coverage.

Sound Waves Bounce

  • Reverberation: the total effect of the reflected sound waves

Wild Effects

  • Sync effects: recorded at the same time as the picture
  • Wild effects: any noticeable sound effect from a scene (car door slamming, car starting), should be recorded up close without picture.

Recording Voices and Presence

  • Sync sound: sound recorded in synchronization with the camera (person talking on camera)
  • Voice-over: a narrative voice heard over the picture but not seen
  • Presence (ambience): the sound of a location without any single sound predominating. For example, if you’re in a lab, have the beeps of lab equipment.

Voice-slate and keep a sound log

  • A voice-slate is a recorded description of everything you record. It’s like a normal slate used in video, but there’s no physical video of it.

“Record your voices, sound effects, and presence separately and cleanly. This will give you maximum flexibility in your mix” (110, Schroeppel).

Research to Inform

I really like this Podcast as I am a Packers fan and I try to find every possible Packers related article or video. This one definitely stood out to me, because in most of the podcasts I’ve seen you never actually see the person talking. You do with this one and it gives it a more personal feeling. A lot of emotion and feelings are conveyed through facial expressions and hand movements, and those can’t be seen if it’s just audio. You can really tell how passionate Pour Another is about the Packers.

I really like H3H3’s regular YouTube channel, so it only makes sense that I also enjoy his podcasts as well. Like Pour Another, you see everyone on this podcast. What’s different however, is that Ethan Klein brings on guests to interview. In this specific episode, he brought on my favorite YouTuber Videogamedunkey. Ethan Klein also uses images in the podcast to not only explain what he’s talking about but show it as well. I do think that the audio could be a little louder.

This is the first podcast of the three that I’ve chosen that doesn’t include any video of the people talking. I don’t think that takes away anything from it though. Even though there’s no video, there is a visual aspect to the podcast. This podcast seems to just be two friends talking about the NBA, and I really enjoy that. Last semester I did a Packers podcast with one of my good friends and I had so much fun doing it.


I chose this topic, because I found it incredibly interesting and an amazing feat in the scientific world. I had originally thought about doing a sports podcast as I had done one in the past, but I decided to do one that more people would be interested in. This is definitely a difficult topic to talk about on a podcast, as I don’t really know much about it. It required a lot of research on my part to find out everything I could. I do think it will be difficult to find sound effects for this type of podcast, as it’s more of a narrative and informative podcast. It also seems a little inappropriate to add sound effects to a podcast talking about HIV/AIDs.